Learn to be a professional poker player

In order to learn to play poker, it is important to understand the basic rules of the game and remember the poker hands. You still need to learn a lot to reach your best condition. Poker-is a science, after mastering it, you can easily fight against inexperienced players and win exciting games. However, we must start somewhere. Moreover, if you are a beginner, then this series of courses will be a good start to learn how to play poker.

1 - Manage your funds properly

The funds of professional poker players are referred to as the medium of game betting. Interestingly, in this case, we are only talking about the poker game, not part of the game.

Funding is the total amount allocated by the player from the game budget. As you begin to accumulate experience and eventually win, your funds will continue to grow, and there will always be a strong temptation to withdraw funds from your poker account. If you don’t want to play, you can. However, if you decide to continue your poker career, the most important thing is that this money will provide more services to your player account. The fact that a game is a game, its stability is relative.

Today, you may win or lose tomorrow, and your quality as a player has nothing to do with it. Even experienced poker players have poor luck (slower spending speed) and make money. However, by taking advantage of the possibility of properly disposing of his gambling capital, the average player will not lose all his funds during gambling, and on a good day, it is good for him due to his high level of competition. Able to make up for all losses and continue to increase his funds. This is what you will learn now.

Fund management rules

Therefore, the first rule is: "Don't rush to withdraw money.» The bigger your money, the stronger your game. You can withstand the shock. Once the amount in your poker account increases, you gamble If you play the game at the same speed, it is safe. Therefore, before withdrawing funds from your poker account, make sure you have enough money in it.

The second temptation occurs when funds increase-in the higher blinds. On the one hand, this is true because you can make more money quickly. However, your wallet has one drawback, and such a careless transition is very dangerous. First of all, the higher the bet, the stronger the opponent will be and will be waiting for you at the table. Secondly, under adverse circumstances, high stakes can quickly reset your poker account to zero.

Therefore, for a game that is more or less safe for a certain bet, you need to accurately calculate the amount of money you might risk at the table because it depends on many parameters, including the personal characteristics of the player. However, there is a way to roughly calculate the capital required for the game at a certain game level.

If you are playing an extreme poker game, you only need to play 300 big blinds. In No Limit Texas Hold'em, this requires more money, so your funds may fluctuate greatly. For quiet games, it is recommended that your account be limited to at least 1500 big blinds. Based on these simple rules, you will be able to determine the limits of play. But keep in mind that this rough calculation method applies to players with positive numbers. If your game loses money in the long run, it will not help you, nor will it bring you $1 million in revenue.

The principles outlined can be used to choose the right game, depending on the financial ability to start your poker career. It can also come in handy when switching to a higher rate. For example, if you start playing Texas Hold'em with a limit of €1/€2, the corresponding amount in your account is €600. The game is going well and your bankroll has increased by $1200. Now you can upgrade to a higher rate of 2 Euro / 4 Euro. Therefore, you can limit the loss easily and safely.

However, at some point, your opponent will get harder and harder and you will start to lose. In this case, it is recommended to return to the previous bet level. Suppose that by playing 10 Euros / 20 Euros Limited Texas Hold'em, you are at a loss and your funds fall from 6,000 Euros to 3,000 Euros. It's time to return $5/$10, because winning the game at lower odds is better than losing to the above. Especially because you can always increase profits by opening multiple tables at the same time.

Now, we introduce the data of the average winning players (ROI = 10%) through rough calculations. For an SnG, such a poker player needs about 30 buy-ins, and for "security", multi-table tournaments are required and about 100 entry rewards are obtained on the account. Therefore, if you participate in a game that suits your capital size, the risk of bankruptcy will be reduced to 1%, but again, remember that the data is for the winning player.

Therefore, you learned how to dispose of your gambling funds, but, as you know, without specific gambling skills, that knowledge will be useless, because gambling that relies on luck will inevitably lead to losses. In the next lesson, you will learn the basics of poker.

2 - Poker hand analysis and control

In each round of the game, two face-down cards are issued to the player. It is through these two cards that the analysis and mastery of the poker hand is completed, and the amount of your chips depends on it. Indeed, when the auction starts, they will decide everything for you, and they are also the main secrets that must be kept throughout the auction process. Of course, you can start winning with almost any hand, but not all combinations of these two cards can be played. This is what we saw in the second lesson. Before reading this course, you must have mastered the hand of poker.

Analyze and control every poker hand

You are undoubtedly familiar with probability theory. This mathematical model describes the process in which there are elements of randomness. Most importantly, depending on some possible output values, any draw is random. For example, by throwing coins, we cannot accurately predict what will fall, throw away or throw away. However, in the long run, we can say with certainty that the coin will be flipped the same number of times.

Good starting hand

The same situation can be observed using different card draws. You can pre-calculate which types of hands win and with whom to play. In addition, you can calculate how many times you have to win with the starting hand. The key is to know the probability of finding a winning hand. This value is expressed as a percentage and represents the number of victories for approximately one hundred hands. Well, some people used to pick up calculators, and now the good news is: "Everything has been calculated for you."

The analyst of the famous poker player David Sklansky brilliantly calculated all possible out odds and brought them back to the poker table, pointing out the value of the two-card combination. On his table, he divided all combinations into eight groups. The first group is composed of the most powerful cards, and the eighth group is composed of the weakest cards.

1) The first group consists of five dealers, namely AA, KK, QQ, JJ, and AK (the letter s after the combination means that the cards are of the same suit). These hands are considered "monster hands". With these cards, players usually try to bet as much as possible before the flop to increase the pot and aggressively attack the game against all players with weaker cards. The flop was good.

2) The second group also includes five hands: TT, AQ, AJ, KQ, AK (the letter "T" is designated as 10). These hands are also very strong, it is recommended to bet, but if you re-raise operation will be very dangerous, please be careful.

3) Then there is the third group, in which we find medium strength cards: 99, JT, QJ, KJ, AT, AQ. Playing these cards should be very profitable. If someone lifts you up, you should seriously consider folding, especially if you are not in a hurry.

4) The fourth group includes T9, KQ, 88, QT, 98, J9, AJ, KT

The fifth place-77, 87, Q9, T8, KJ, QJ, JT, 76, 97, Axs, 65s (the letter "x" means any card). These groups belong to the so-called border guards.

Next are the three groups containing the weakest cards:

6) 66, AT, 55, 86s, KT, QT, 54s, K9s, J8s, 75s

7) 44, J9, 64s, T9, 53s, 33, 98, 43s, 22, Kxs, I7s, Q8s

8) 87, A9, Q9, 76,42s, 32s, 96s, 85s, J8, J7s, 65, 54, 74s, K9, T8

All starting combinations not described above are considered weaker than the eighth group.

Poker hand analysis

To know the luck percentage of both hands, you can use a poker calculator or a special table. Note that to calculate the probability of winning, it is necessary to consider the number of opponents, because the more you have, the less chance of winning. Conversely, when the number of players decreases, the probability of winning increases.

Therefore, now that you know all the good and bad starting combinations and most combinations, it is best to fold before the flop. However, this may cause some problems. Imagine, guided by common sense, you throw 2s and 7s before the flop. In the next table on the flop, you will see 7 7 2. Of course, you will be angry about throwing "profitable" cards. However, keep in mind that if you play like 7+2 with each hand, you will inevitably have a 99% chance of losing. This hand is unprofitable. Winning with this hand is a rare event and should not be relied upon.

Now that you know that not all starting cards are worth playing, we will discuss what you need to pay attention to when you have entered the pot. The flop is displayed on the screen. The point is that when you start to play with strong hands, you can't always win. Even if there is a pair of Aces, there is a possibility of losing, and you know that the more opponents there are, the more likely it is. Your hole cards, regardless of their strength, are worthless if the game is against you.

Therefore, when the current three Edge cards appear on the table, your job is to figure out whether you are leading or behind your opponents and take appropriate action. In order to analyze the situation, you will need it to evaluate your hand and the combination that can build opponents on the flop.

E.g : Cards of the same suit on the flop. If there are two, it is likely that one of your partners will draw a lottery. When three clothes of the same suit wear the flop, the probability is higher. See also, initially there is no straight flush before the flop. For example, if you miss a card suit to play a game, this situation is called "drawing". This is not a terrible position, because there is a good chance of getting that suit out. Similarly, counting can also help you win combinations, but the calculation of odds will be discussed in the fourth quarter.

You must check every card on the flop yourself, and also check your opponent. Most players realize that it is difficult to see danger coming on the flop. As for your card, be sure to check all possibilities.

Incomplete two-fifths type:

1) Two ways to draw-there are four cards in sequence. To start, you need to draw a top card or a hole card For example, if you have x 9 10 J Q x, you should roll King or 8. That is another card that completes your hand.

2) There is only one possibility of a tie, you missed an "internal" card in the tie, which is much more difficult due to the reduced odds. Imagine you 9 10 x QK. To complete this combination, you need one jack, which is only four in a card game. Therefore, "the loopholes in the sequel are unlikely to be filled.

It’s worth mentioning, do you have a pair on the flop? For example, it is well known that the highest card on the flop is called the "highest pair", while the highest value or average pair of cards are less heavy. The coincidence in this situation is very strong.

By the way, if you have a pair in your hand and it is higher than all three cards on the flop, it is a perfect pair.

If your hand is good, then you should remember that one of your opponents may have the same hand. In this case, analyzing your hands will solve all kicking problems. Therefore, you need to evaluate the strength of the kick first to avoid being trapped.

Therefore, we discussed the main points of the game on the cards. Always analyze the strength of your hand and try to guess the opponent's combination. If you think it is unlikely to win your opponent, it is best not to continue fighting and fold. Conversely, if you feel that you have mastered the pot, increase your bet to increase the pot, which may reappear at the end of the pot.

One last piece of advice: don’t play weak hands before the flop, think about how your opponent will use garbage hands, and have choices when choosing your hands so that your winning rate will always increase.

3 - Analysis and Control of Pot Odds

You already know that in poker, depending on the situation, the same card in your hand may or may not be repaid. It seems that to win the game, you only need to play the big hand and avoid all-in. However, this is not so simple. When making a decision, you need to consider not only the strength of your card, but also the amount of your funds and the bet you should place when making a raise. Therefore, the coastline is both profitable and unprofitable. So let us take a closer look at this basic question.

Analysis and Control of Pot Odds

Imagine you and a friend are playing coins, and you bet and toss a euro coin. We can play this game, but neither of you wins because the chance of winning in this game is (50% / 50%). What if you bet 1 Euro and your opponent 2 Euros? The odds remain the same, but now you will win.

Under these risks, you have an advantage in the game. After all, if you invest less, you can earn more. This simple strategy can be applied to poker. The only difference is that an equal amount of money is placed among poker players and the probability of winning is very different. Moreover, if you bet correctly, you will definitely win in the long run. So now let us see how? How to calculate whether the coast is advantageous?

Very simple

Put this strategy into practice.

You will need two things: odds and odds of winning. To know how to calculate the probability of winning, you will specifically study how to calculate the number of wins in the next lesson.

About ribs

You can easily calculate the amount equal to the total amount of your friends. To know the chances and odds of winning, just compare whether this ratio is appropriate. If the odds of winning are greater than the odds-you should bet. Otherwise, your best option is to fold. The idea is simple, but for better understanding, here is a concrete example.


So, suppose you are playing Texas Hold'em, there is already $100 in the pot, and you have an aces flush. The player in front of you bets 20 euros. Now, find out exactly what you need to do and why you need to take this approach. The first thing that is most useful mathematically is your chance of winning in this situation. The odds for a flush draw are always the same. This is a quarter chance. In a four-round game, you lose three and win one.

Pot odds calculation

Now we are calculating the pot odds for this score, bet $20 in a $100 bank, and you get an odds of 5 to 1. Just compare these two values. Assuming that the odds of a quarter are greater than the odds of 5 to 1, this is equivalent to the next $20 and let's look at the turn. In this example, we have expressed the concept of opportunity as a score.

This calculation method is very simple and clear, but some players prefer to use the method expressed as a percentage.

Now consider the same example, but using probability calculus. All in all, the probability of a flush draw on the turn is 20% (or 0.2).

As part of the calculation, the probability of hitting the pot is determined by dividing the number of pots (including your stake).

Therefore, divide 120 USD by 20 USD and you will get 0.17 (17%). Then always use the same probability example: compare the obtained values, since 20%>17%, we conclude that the coasts are the same.

As you can see, the two methods give the same results, so you can choose the method that is easier to use.

Calculate pot odds by example

Let us now look at this example in more detail to verify the effectiveness of the method. Therefore, you know that by betting $20 on a straight flush, it makes no sense to see the turn on an average of four-fifths and you must fold. Therefore, you lost $80 in all four trades. And only one-fifth of you can get a successful combination, you will win $100. As you can see, one victory can make up for four losses, and you can even make a reasonable profit. If you have a long-awaited straight flush, if other players keep following up and bidding, you can win more.

Now, all doubts about the effectiveness of this method have been eliminated. The only thing that needs to be added is that we no longer have to consider the chips in the pot. Treat it as an irreparable loss. They are working, and the only question to ask is "is it profitable to increase investment in the pot, or is it better to fold?"

The problem of applying this principle in practice is related to the complexity of calculating the exact probability of winning. Many beginner poker players have difficulty performing mathematical operations. You can perform this calculation or remember the basic values ​​of the probabilities frequently encountered in the movement. In addition, to determine the odds of winning, you can use an online poker calculator.

Now that you know the basics of poker, without this knowledge, playing profitable games will be a problem.

Last tip: Remember that sometimes even with a good winning streak, you may lose a strong hand and lose another victory. Many players ignore this and blindly believe that it will work every time. Don't step on your head, look at your opponent, and always try to "read" their cards.

4 - How to count outs in poker

When the flop is on the table, you usually receive an unfinished combination, but this does not mean that you should fold immediately. The main thing to determine is the probability of winning and compare it with the pot odds. This process has been described in detail in the previous lesson. Now it's time to learn how to calculate the odds of hitting a combination.

Count outs

To calculate the probability of winning, you can calculate the cards that can increase the number of cards in your hand. Professional poker players call these cards strikeouts. By counting the number of outs, you will be able to determine the probability and percentage of cards played.

Indeed, calculating the number of cards that can help you get a good combination is not difficult. But sometimes it can cause problems. For example, if you are looking for a straight and your opponent is trying to make a flush at the same time, some cards can provide you with a combination of two hands. These cards are not your strikeout because they will not bring you victory.

As you can see, the knockout is not as easy as it seems at first glance, you have to estimate the possible hands of your opponent and be able to read the knockout for each player.

Calculation of Flop Outs

For the sake of clarity, let's look at an example distribution and count out the round on the flop.

So, in Texas Hold'em, your starting hand is the Queen and 10 Spades, you raise from the middle position, and then you call the raise as the player on the left. Then on the flop, you will see a rainbow consisting of an ace of hearts, jack cue and spades. Suppose you decide to turn your opponent on the turn and he raises. In order to decide whether to start, one must estimate the possible combinations of opponents.

Maybe he didn't make it by hand, he is trying to bluff, because you have shown your weakness through inspection. On the other hand, his hands can be very strong.

However, even if your partner has a set of Aces, you can win a straight or flush. Therefore, we start with the strongest player and consider all possible hands of the opponent.

Powerful combination

When it comes to powerful cards, we are talking about at least two pairs. Faced with these combinations, you can only hope for a straight flush or a straight flush. Therefore, whether it is a king or nine, you can make a suite. The board still has four kings and four nines, so you have eight straight outs.

Flush (color).

You need to get spades on the turn and on the river. The feasibility of these two events is very low. On the turn, you have 10 possible chances to get spades, but if it is on the river, you have a one-fifth chance to get a second hand of spades. Therefore, you can assume that in this case, you only have 2 flushes (10/5 = 2). In short, in one or two pairs of matches, you have 10 possible outs (8 for a draw and 2 for a flush).

However, these cannot be regarded as true outs, because the opponent can improve his hand with a full stack of chips during a straight or flush. In 30% of the cases, the chips on the flop increase with the turn and river. Similarly, for the two pairs of them, they can also improve the whole game, which occurs in about 20% of players.

So your number of appearances can be reduced by about two to two and a half. In the end, we ended up with only 8 (7.5) outs.

Top pair

Your opponent may have a pair of aces. He said that you made a pre-flop raise with the starting card, and now you get an A on the flop, he gets the top pair and raises. You will always need to improve, but now it is not so easy to win and get a straight flush or flush. Therefore, we can assume that you have 10 knockouts.

Middle pair Maybe your opponent started with the jack, and now it is mid-range. Since you said "check" on the flop, he felt that you might not have an ace, so you raise. Now, with ten outputs, you can add the remaining three queens to the stack. With a pair of queens, you will defeat your opponent's jack.

Small pair

Your opponent may only have a small pair, and because you showed weakness on the flop, a raise is necessary. In this case, you can multiply three 10s by 13 to increase, which will bring you a successful combination.

As you can see, the more we think about the problem, the more complicated the situation becomes. For example, if your opponent has a small pair, you can consider winning with 10s, but you don't know what the opponent has. Therefore, the absolute value of the straight flush payout can be calculated, but it is still questionable. During the deal, you must constantly guess the hand of another player and find your bet amount in this way. In this case, we can conclude that you have 10 eliminations and you need to make a decision based on that number.

Finally, we will list some typical poker situations and point out the corresponding outs:

-If you have a pair of twins and want a full house, you can find four cards on the deck. The same can be said for a tie.

-If you have two big cards in your hand and want to get one of the two, then you have six cards.

-If you want to complete a straight (four cards in sequence), you can hope that eight cards are still in the deck to complete.

-If you are in a flush tie (four cards of the same suit), you can complete if one of the remaining nine cards falls

-If you have a flush and a pair at the same time, you can also get a set. Therefore, for your 9 knockouts, you can add two more knockouts.

-If you have flushing and a straight belly at the same time, it will give you 12 points.

-Finally, it must. Simultaneously draw draw and draw draw from both ends. If your combination is incomplete, you will have 15 knockouts.

Now you know how to count the number of outs and can count the number of cards so that you can build a combination in a round. You still have to know two simple rules that will help you quickly switch out and the probability of winning in percentage.

4 rule: if you are still in the game, there are still 2 cards to show on the board (turn and river cards), and you are interested in the possibility of winning the showdown, just multiply the number of outs by 4 and you will get an approximation Probability (expressed as a percentage).

Formula: Number of Outs X 4 = Percentage of chance to complete the hand.

For example: 6 outs, 6×4 = 24%

The rule of 2: If we wait until only one card is left to show (river card), the number of outs multiplied by 2 is enough, because the probability of getting a combination is twice as low as when there are two cards left.

Formula: Number of Outs X 2 = Percentage of chance to complete the hand. For example: 6 outs, 6×2 = 12%

5 - Button position in poker

Position is everything in poker, especially variants like Texas Hold'em and Omaha. Position is fixed in all four betting rounds. Position is so important that some hands worth raising from later positions need to be folded earlier.

Button position

Imagine you have a pair of 5s, or hands like A-9 or A-10. These are above average hands, but not as good as a pair of kings or ace. If you are the last to speak or the second to last (known as the "cut-off" position), your actions will depend on what your opponent did before you. If everyone folds and the blinds are your only potential opponent, then your hand may be better than them. After all, their cards are random, and a pair of five points or cards like A-9 or A-10 are above average.

If you follow the guidelines of winning poker selectively and aggressively, now is the time to improve. Your opponent may fold. But even if they don't, your hand might be better at the time, and your opponent would better call with a worse hand.

But what if you raise the pot before turning? If you look at your opponent's raising criteria, they may be better than a pair of 5s or A-10s waiting for a hand before raising. A typical player may have a pair of 9s or higher, or A-J, if you call, it is done with a bad hand, which is not a good solution for you.

Not only are you not your favorite, but as your opponents raise their salary, the price to stay in the game has doubled. If you place an unlimited bet, the price may be twice as high as the opening bet. Most unrestricted players will bet at the standard of three or four times the blinds. In an unlimited game, you must increase your raise standard, or re-raise when someone raises before you, to offset the high cost of staying in the game. If you raise or raise a bet in a no-limit game, make sure you are the favorite in the game.

Many players seem to have to raise their hands like 5-5 or A-10 after raising. After all, they are planning to play it. But in poker, the money saved is equal to the money won, and throwing away a fragile hand can save you money, and you will undoubtedly lose the game against the opponent's better opponent.

Saying the last sentence, or saying the last sentence, saves you money by providing you with information to make better decisions. If you call at the start of the position with a ratio of 5 to 5, you are likely to swim when you have little or no information about the actual or displayed power of your opponent's hand and someone is chasing you. Go upstream. Poker is definitely an incomplete information game, and the information obtained from the last or next speech is usually much richer than the information obtained when flying blindly, because you do not understand this. What will your opponent do in front of you?

In the morning, you are forced to "absolutely" assess the strength of your hands. But in poker, there is no absolute value. It is a set of relative values. You can win some moves by getting high Aces, while others will wait for a full seat or better to win the pot. When you don't know what your opponent's hand is, you will not be able to compare with your opponent's hand, which is a big disadvantage.

6 - Bluff avoiding traps

From beginners to experienced players, all poker players must master the bluff! Knowing how to bluff at the right time is undoubtedly the only way to play without breaking money, and undoubtedly the only way to win big poker hands without relying on cards. In short, if there is no bluff, poker victory is almost impossible! Although it is rarely used, little is said about it.

Bluffing: Avoid the pitfalls in poker

Why bluff about poker?

We agree that if we have to exclude bluffing from poker, it is tantamount to making it a battle or camouflage game: if you don’t try to make any bluffs at the table, then first you can predict and will not be able to remove any bluffs . Big pot, you can't even win games or tournaments.

Especially poker bluffs can get you out of bad passes without the game or blinds: (chip bet) is too high for your chips (especially in tournaments)

When to bluff?

This is not a whim, on the contrary, you should be ready to shoot as soon as you know you can no longer win the pot or try to grab all the cards.

It is best to do some math to find out whether the fraud is profitable. To do this, you need to measure the chance of bluffing bluffs based on the bet amount and pot amount.

Therefore, one of the most important skills is to be able to determine the odds of the opponent, especially their game skills.

Indeed, bluffs against beginners are not necessarily against experts, and in particular you must consider the blinds that your opponent pays to the pot, because if the blinds are too large relative to the stack, then you have a lot of opportunities they will pay To see the last card in the draw.

Some factors to consider when deciding on bluffing:

1. The opponent's quality level

2. The number of players in the pot

3. Images sent by table players

4. The way you hit the previous move

5. Your token capital

6. Number of pots

7. Your position in the opener

1. the masses

The most important thing is not to bluff and weak opponents to be called by players with low stacks (we use the term "call station" to refer to it). This is the most common mistake of fraud failure. Make sure your opponent plays well enough and knows how to break hands.

2. Number of players

In general, don't bluff about areas with more than three players, let alone in poker restrictions. Bluffing has a greater chance of success for one or two opponents. Not only is the number of pots small, but also because the pots are smaller, which makes the pot less attractive.

3. Images sent by table players

If the image from the player is a distant player, and it gives the impression that there is no concentration or little bite, or on the contrary, the blows at each table are intense and none of them let go.

If you have recently been countered by a bluff, your opponent will be more inclined to pay you in the future, and occasionally it can allow you to get a bluff shot.

For example, if the player puts his hand into the school bag, he may think that you are bluffing for the second time, and therefore you ask to win.

4. Your playing skills

If you can read the game well based on the games you have played, and can determine your opponent based on the opponent's card-holding situation (for example: an action that they never participate in without a big card), then you The correct fraud opportunity can be identified. This is undoubtedly the most difficult skill to learn, and of course the most important learning method.

5. Your chips (your token capital)

Compared with your opponent, the higher your capital, the fewer the number of people leading you against the opponent. Indeed, few people will see a good player pretending to be a bluff to take risks, of course, very bad players will also take risks.

In the same situation, if your chip stack is low, they always want to put you all in, and they don't spend much money.

Don't use a lot of draws or cards to bluff, otherwise there will be a great opportunity to improve your opponent's hand.

6. Number of pots

If the amount of the pot is large, the opponent will be more inclined to stop you, as this will make their odds higher in the game. On the other hand, if you successfully swindle a large pot, the profit will only be greater. It is in these shots that I have a good understanding of the opponent's potential touch.

7. Your location

If you speak last, you will get more information about the player's hands than your opponent, so you are more likely to be cheated.

Even if you use your best hands, be aware of submarines that never talk (some players are counter experts). For this reason, bluffing must be done with full knowledge of the players at the table.

7 - How to manage semi-scams in poker

In the previous lesson, you learned the concept of bluffing and understood the conditions for the successful implementation of false conditions. However, as you know, pure bluffing is a very risky move, and abuse can cause damage. Therefore, it is best not to be fooled by this technique, and not to use it once or twice per game session. This is the other half bluff. This advanced mobility will open up new possibilities for offensive games.


Semi-bluffing-betting on weak hands to make your opponent lose control and get a non-showdown pot, or benefit from a combination upgrade brought about by the appearance of undisclosed cards. As you can see, unlike bluffing, even if you offer a raise, semi-bluffing can bring victory. This is the main advantage of semi-bluffing.

The classic example of a semi-bluff bl is betting on an incomplete flush or a draw from both ends. Suppose you have two hole cards, and the flop also has two hole cards. You bet and force other players to seriously consider how to view the cards.

Even if one of them plays two pairs, you are still very likely to be defeated by a straight flush.

Depending on the situation, a semi-bluff can not only be seen as a raise or a raise. For example, your opponent is the first to speak before the flop (under the gun). In response, you have a good opportunity to improve, and you will improve.

At first glance, it seems reasonable. However, semi-fraud in this situation will give you more chances to win the pot (by getting rid of your competitors).

Now let us look at another game example. You are the first person to speak before the flop, and you have a great opportunity to improve your hand. Of course, you can check and give your partners more opportunities. In this case, you will show weakness and give your opponent the opportunity to see the next card for free.

Suppose your opponent has not placed a bet, so he is happy to accept your offer and see the rest of the flop for free. If he has a good combination in his hand, he will raise and you must call to improve your hand. In this case, your chance of winning is the same as your chance of finding the required card.

Now consider the advantages of a semi-bluff in this situation. First, by betting, you won't let your partner get a free card.

Second, by being aggressive, you can prove your strength against your opponents and can force them to leave the game. As a result, your chances of winning will increase because as your opponent's folds increase, the probability of getting a combination increases.

But this is not the full benefit of semi-fraud. This aggressive strategy can also help you get a free card in the next speech round.

For example, you raise from the first position, some opponents bet, but one card does not improve your hand. Chances are, your aggressiveness keeps your opponents vigilant and they will not raise their pay in the next round. In this case, you will be able to make a decision for them: semi-fraud or continue to see the next card for free.

8 - Slow play

You already know poker moves, such as bluffing or semi-bluffing. You will remember that the essence of these methods is an expression of strength, but in fact, you have a weak or incomplete combination. In this case, your goal is to force your opponent to fold, allowing you to pick up the pot. However, if your hand is strong, on the contrary, you need as many players as possible to keep in hand and continue to bet. You can do this by pretending to be weak. This is called bottoming or slow beating.

Play your strong feel like the weak

The idea of ​​this trick is that you play a strong hand like a weaker in one round in order to make a greater profit in the next round. To apply, all you have to do is play the game to minimize the bet on the game. For example, if no one is holding a card, you say "check" and then transfer your hand to the next player, but if someone places a bet in front of you, you only need to call. Therefore, the opponent will have no reason to believe that you have a strong combination.

It should be noted that using the slow playback function, you can let many players participate in the game, but rarely (or even free) watch the next map. Of course, to do this, you need a really strong hand, as you saw in the previous lesson, provided that there is no danger of a straight flush or straight. The existence of strong players is the main condition for applying slow play games.

Another important issue to consider in another example is that an extra card can improve the enemy's hand. Once the card is obtained, one of the players with his combination will not be underestimated, and he will bring you considerable profits in the next round. Therefore, by playing the game passively on weak hands, you will run two hares at once. On the one hand, you have created a wrong impression of the strength of their cards in the eyes of your opponents, on the other hand, by giving them the opportunity to improve in the next round, you can bring you a very good profit term.

For example, if you get a full house on the flop and think that one of your partners may have a royal flush, then if you give him this possibility, if the turn brings him the desired combination, he Will bet good. However, if one of your opponents is likely to get a better combination than your opponent, then underperformance in this case is completely irrelevant. This is why slow games cannot be used when the flop threatens a straight flush or straight.

The size of the pot is also important. When the pot is small, it is best not to aggressively use strong hands and use slow play. The point is, even if your bet is low, most players may fold, which is meaningless. If the pot amount is large, using slow playback becomes meaningless. You can forget the cunning, but you can be brave enough to consider betting, because in this case your opponent will not be easy to fold.

Now, we will discuss how and with whom slow-play opponents can benefit, and should not play with them. The decisive factor here is the aggressiveness of the opponent. If your game partner is passive, then slow playback is an uncertain strategy. They will only take free cards and will not bring you any bonuses in the next round.

For players who tend to follow all the rules, there is no reason to underestimate. With such an opponent, it is best to bet on the river so that you will get more profits. If you are weak, even on mediocre cards, the aggressive players willing to bet will be different. These are players who play in slow motion can pay off.

Now, we will summarize and remind you all the advantages of making slow motion:

1 you have strong hands

2 The free or cheap cards you provide to your opponents can help them become powerful enough to increase or even all-in.

3 opponents have no chance to win your card

4 small pots

5 Your opponent is a combative player, ready to play your "weakness"

It can be concluded that slow playback is not recommended:

1 Your hand power is not enough to give your opponent a free or cheap card

2 Your opponent may benefit from the cards on the card

3 Your opponent may improve and defeat a hand that is not strong enough

4 Pots already have a lot of chips

5 Your partner is too passive or prepared to do nothing

Therefore, you can see that to be successful in slow motion, multiple conditions must be met, so the success of this method is not so frequent. However, if you use this strategy wisely, you can win big money.

9 - Defining play

If you have ever watched people play poker, you may have noticed that not everyone plays poker in the same way. Some people bet a lot and go all-in. Some people play too cautiously and fold when they encounter the first signal of danger. In addition, some players are ready to bet just to see the next card. Some poker players only like to play strong starting hands, while others ignore the cards. All these players have different playing styles. In this tutorial, we have listed all the styles and introduced them one by one.

Every player has a certain style at the beginning of the game. Roughly speaking, everyone has a series of starting hands and they are capable of participating in the current hand. All hands in this range are not exactly the same as the player's fold. The range of playing cards depends more or less on the playing style of the poker players.

Skinny style

The number of starting combinations of tight players is kept to a minimum. You might have guessed that we are talking about the strongest starting hand. Poker players who insist on strict play rarely lose. This style is recommended for all beginners because it is based on the mathematical principles of poker. When playing games, it can be said to be "science". You will quickly learn the basics of poker and gradually discover bluffs to expand your starting range.

Generous style

A loose player has more starting hands, in other words, he can use almost any combination of cards. This method has its advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, the players at the table cannot even imagine the opponent's hand. That's great, because the less information you provide to your opponent, the better. However, on the other hand, low card games are very dangerous, so it is not recommended for beginners.


Holding hands correctly is only half the battle, you must also play cards wisely. Here are two branches of our classification of game styles. On the one hand, the decisive factor is aggressiveness. So let's see how this factor affects the profitability of the game.

Passive style

Players who like passive games rarely place bets and raises. The basic actions of this kind of player are "calling" and "folding". These poker players rarely bluff, and if they place a bet, they are likely to have a lot of strength. Generally, passive behavior is common for beginners and people with little profit. However, these players stayed in the game for a long time and gradually lost.

Radical style

Aggressive poker players usually place bets and raises without waiting for other players to take the initiative. Through these actions, he showed the power of his hand and can win in two ways: forcing his opponent to fold or win. Of course, these players often use bluffing and semi-bluffing, because good combinations don't happen often.

1. Tightly passive

2. Rigorous and enterprising

3. Great Passivity

4. Be broad and enterprising

You must have noticed that a rigorous and enterprising style is the best way for beginners to play. Therefore, if you decide to take poker seriously, at least stick to this style of play at the beginning.

You should also be prepared to meet different types of opponents at the poker table. In the next lesson, we will introduce you to these four poker styles and explain their advantages and disadvantages. In addition, you will be able to learn how to play against your opponents according to how they play.

10 - Against opponents

In the last lesson, you learned the four main styles of poker games. Now is the time to discuss them separately and understand their advantages and disadvantages. In addition, by reading this article, you will learn the tactics you must follow to defeat your opponent, depending on the opponent's play style.

Control your opponent

Statistics are of course a good thing, but by watching your opponent's game, you can collect useful information that many programs cannot provide.

Passive player

We start with the weakest players who will bring you the most income when you make money. These are passive actors, they don't want to deal with the problems themselves, but wait for luck to smile at them. When the passive player's hand is weak, he wants you to allow him to get free cards. If he has a strong hand, he will be there waiting for a raise. Therefore, as you know, passive players are divided into wide and tight. Now, we will discuss the characteristics of these two types of poker players.

Negative player

In the United States, a negative player has the fun nickname "fish", which means "fish" in English. French speakers often use this term. Generally, the wide passive style is unique to novice poker players or people who join the poker room for entertainment purposes only. The player often played and participated in almost all competitions. He likes to play games, so when other players are having a good time, why does he fold his hands and be bored?

If you are playing an extreme poker game, you only need to play 300 big blinds. In No Limit Texas Hold'em, this requires more money, so your funds may fluctuate greatly. For quiet games, it is recommended that your account be limited to at least 1500 big blinds.

Through this way of playing, the passive poker player loses slowly enough and has time to fully enjoy the game until his chips are fully allocated by other participants. Usually, a negative player will almost all hands, just look at the next card. Often, negative players are so weak that they have little or no risk.

Since fishing is not complicated, it is best to do so. The first thing you need to do is to drive away your competitors in the early stages of the game and move on. To do this, when there is a passive player in front of you, raise a playable card.

Since your opponent is weak and you are in a better position, the game is likely to bring you some profits. Of course, the above method does not guarantee that you can win the pot in all situations, but in the long run, this strategy pays off. Remember, any attack on the fish almost always means real power, don't try to bluff.

Tight passive player

This style usually comes from beginners who are just starting to learn poker ropes. He has learned not to play weak cards, but he lacks the will to show aggressiveness. These players rarely use bluffing or semi-bluffing. To bet, they need a big enough game. Therefore, any salary increase usually means very powerful cards, and a process is passed-the desire to get free cards. Generally, compact passive players can only be used on cards and are easy to read.

To defeat this role, you don't need any expertise in the field of poker psychology, you only need to observe your behavior and draw conclusions about your cards. Another advantage is that the prices of these poker players are cheap enough to allow you to combine when the draw is good.

Combative player

Now consider the most dangerous participant, called "aggro". They are your main game at the poker table. Beware that their positive actions may mislead you. A raise or raise may be pure bluff, or it may be the biggest combination. Guess what, it is not easy to figure out this kind of player this time. The following is an analysis of a broad and rigorous version of the style.

Aggressive player

In discussions on various poker forums, aggressive players are often referred to as LAG.

He is a very dangerous and unpredictable player. He usually uses a variety of starting hands to play and plays cards safely. It is very difficult to read his hand, because theoretically, he can enter the game as long as there is any flop. It is because of the unpredictability and role of aggressive poker players. An advantage. Mathematically speaking, this style of play seems meaningless, but if you consider not only the odds of hitting a better hand, but also the odds of your opponent folding, then everything is correct.

However, playing the game in this way is very complicated and risky. The more aggressive the player is, the fewer people will fight against this style of player with novices. Enough time to know who you are dealing with. At first glance, aggressive broadside players seem to be easy prey at the table he plays, because sometimes he sets a solid line. But in fact, defeating a good LAG is not easy.

Another interesting feature of LAG is that it can be contagious. Players sitting at the table with their opponents will start playing very broad and aggressive games, and it would be foolish not to take advantage of this. The main thing to remember is not to fall into general madness. Wait until you have a strong hand before you can enter the game.

Choose your starting hand twice as much as usual, and have two aggressive confrontations with LAG. You don't have to play very slowly (except for very strong combinations), and don't expect aggressive players to give you a straight flush or straight when you raise your salary. Therefore, if luck does not give you a chance to complete the merger, then you'd better fold.

Don't try to beat LAG with weak hands. In medium-strength combinations, it is better to raise instead of giving him a chance to continue his activity with weak hands. If your raise does not scare the aggressor, they will call or raise in return instead of giving up. Having a really powerful hand, because it is not fun to get you out of a wide range of active opponents, you just have to check or call and wait for them to bet in the next round.

Tight-aggressive player

In discussions on various poker forums, players who are rigorous and aggressive are usually called TAG (or aggressively).

The essence of a hard fight game is to carefully choose your starting hand (see Lesson 2. Your cards.) and active running. As you know, this style is the easiest to learn and at the same time the most beneficial. In other words, it is profitable to use it in the long run. Strategic information and all the skills you will be able to master will make you an excellent, enterprising poker player.

Log in to the game room and perform a classic pre-flop raise to eliminate unwanted competitors who may encounter dangerous combinations in the showdown with weak hands. Even if he didn't raise on the flop, aggressive poker players usually make continuation bets on their opponents (rarely on two opponents). The advantage of this player is that by carefully choosing the starting hand, he has the greatest chance of winning the first hand.

Regarding the shortcomings of overly aggressive style games, it is worth noting that the hand for reading TAG is quite simple because it can only use a certain range of hands. On the other hand, the more experienced TAG has a wider range of hands (which makes his game unpredictable).

Now, we will discuss how to deal with players who like a pressing style. First of all, remember that these poker players are almost always certain of themselves, and their big bets, especially on the turn and river, are often not justified. Winning a big pot is not easy, because you only need a very powerful combination. If you don't have this kind of game, it is best not to participate in it. But you can steal tokens from TAG regularly because they are rarely distributed.

How to identify opponents

The best way to determine who is in front of you is to carefully observe the opponent's game and draw the correct conclusion. When it comes to showdowns, be sure to look at the cards and note how other players are playing (pre-flop, flop, turn and river). Try to notice all the nuances of your opponent, and then define your opponent's style is easy for you.

Of course, keep track of all the players at the table and remember how they bet based on their hands, but this is still not the odds. Therefore, you can use special software to record all actions and provide you with statistics about your opponent. In order to decipher the statistics, we will write another article, but now we show you the average statistics for each game style introduced in this lesson.

1. Players with a wide range of passives usually watch the flop 40-90% of the time and raise the pre-flop 0-10% of the time.

2. Passive players spend about 15-25% of the time playing football. The pre-flop percentage is 0-6%.

3. The aggressive player plays more gently than the passive player, and his flop sight percentage is between 30% and 50%. LAG raises 15-35% of the time before the flop.

Aggressive players rarely appear in the game and have a 15-30% chance of seeing the flop. The pre-flop raise time is 8-20%.

However, don't rely solely on statistics.

Therefore, you are now familiar with all the main styles of the poker game and can determine the style of your opponent. Knowing the characteristics of your opponent is sometimes crucial to making a decision. In the next lesson, you will learn some mistakes that beginner poker players often make, and we hope that we will never see them again.

11 - Choose the right poker table without making mistakes

As you know, in order to win a poker tournament, you need to be able to make quick decisions and understand many skills of your opponent. However, even with all the necessary qualities, you will still play with higher level poker players. Therefore, you only need to learn how to choose these opponents. In this course, we will discuss how to choose the most profitable poker table.

Choose the right poker table without making mistakes

If you plan to play poker with your friends in the kitchen, you can skip this course as it may not be useful to you. The topics covered in this article will focus on choosing an online poker table. After entering the lobby of the online poker room, you will see a large number of tables with people playing games. So which table is best to sit at? Random selection immediately will not work.

Therefore, first you need to determine the type of poker you want to play. Large online poker rooms usually provide customers with a variety of games for you to choose from: Texas Hold'em, Seven Card Stud, Omaha. The general principles of these poker games are similar, but it is also a completely different game. As we all know, playing games you are not familiar with is definitely not the most profitable game. Therefore, first of all, you'd better find a table to play Texas Hold'em. .

Now, it's time to consider buying. As you know, the game of Texas Hold'em has three variant structures. All the concepts in this poker tutorial are related to No Limit Texas Hold'em. Therefore, it is recommended to also filter the structural tables and ignore those tables that have no game restrictions (unlimited).

As for the bet amount, please refer to your experience and resources. Remember the first lesson about funding. The process of transitioning to a higher rate has been described in detail. First of all, the best table is the one with the fewest purchases.

Almost all online poker rooms provide information on average bank percentages and table flops. This information can also be very useful. With these two indicators, it is not difficult to estimate the main game style at the table. For example, we will analyze the extreme values ​​of these variables.

Small percentage of views on the flop, average small pot

Such a table has a very passive game. Participants rarely see the flop and raise a small pot. Unless you sit with the weak, this table is difficult to make a profit. The best strategy against these opponents is to fight a broad attack. If you pay attention to your opponents, you will notice that one of your opponents takes a high card and folds without regretting it. In other cases, you can easily remove the blinds with almost any hand. However, when you arrive at the table, your opponent will likely quickly realize that you are not playing like them, but will rush to a quiet table.

High percentage of flops, low pot on average

The table is dominated by negative players. They are eager to participate in almost all distribution activities, so they are almost non-aggressive. As you know, defeating these opponents is not difficult. But don't try to bluff on this table, because this is "fish"'s favorite course.

Low percentage of vision on flops and big pots

The average pot is large, which means that in this game, players place a lot of bets and raises. Due to the low card rate on the flop, it can be concluded that the game at this table is very tense. The combination of these two facts shows that we are dealing with a pressing style sheet.

Strong negotiation constitutes a rich combination, and the level of players at this table is very high. Therefore, if you cannot boast of a strong aggressive game, then you are not at this table.

Average big pot and high flop ratio

On these tables, this is crazy. Most participants play the game by placing bets and make large bets and raises. As you know, this is a radical table. To fight against these players, you need a lot of patience, because the game will have a super aggressive mode.

Therefore, we have reached the end of the four limit tables that may be encountered when viewing the lobby. However, these examples are just to give you some insights to understand the value of average pot performance and visualize the flop percentage. In most cases, you will encounter a more ordinary game in which you have to fight other opponents. With these mixed tables, you can practice your skills and change your gameplay according to the opponent you are playing against.

Now you understand the importance of choosing the right table when playing poker online. Always pay attention to the information provided by the poker room (average pot size and percentage of flops seen). Before you sit down, please observe the game as it allows you to better understand your future opponents. Generally, don't be lazy and choose a table to play as carefully as possible, because your choice depends on your success in the game.

12 - Avoid the mistakes of classic beginners

This is the last lesson of our crash course. You have learned a lot, and now it’s time to talk about the mistakes novices often make. Please read this article carefully and try not to repeat these errors.

Classic poker error

1. Bad choice of table

Many novice players sit at the first available table and immediately enter the game. This is the completely opposite method. You should always know exactly who you are dealing with. When choosing a table, try to be one of the poker players who are weaker than you or your skills. Fight against professional players and you will never win. Most importantly, you will no longer learn how to play. This game will only disappoint you.

Choose tables carefully. Keep in mind that at high-stakes tables, you will find more experienced players, so it is best to start with low-buy tables. Also note the average pot and flop percentage on the table. Most importantly, before you start the game, take a look at your future opponents, determine how they play, and evaluate how useful this table is for you.

2. In a bad mood

Many people regard gambling as a drug. They hope that poker will free them from loneliness, financial problems or psychological stress. This method bodes well. In addition to poker cannot eliminate mental health problems, poker can still be the source of the problem. When people are in a bad mood, people often make mistakes and lose, as we all know, this only makes the situation worse.

Rest assured to sit at the game table, there are no extra things. If you are tired or worried about problems, please don't play. If you are full of joy, the result of the game will not be better than when you are depressed. With this mindset, focusing on poker is as difficult as in a downturn. A good mood is more conducive to poker, you need to stay calm, focus on the game and have confidence.

3. Strictly follow the strategy

Of course, no matter which strategy you adopt, don't follow it blindly, otherwise you will become an easy-to-understand player. Of course, sticking to a strict and aggressive style pays off, but if you take such excessive actions, you will soon become an open book for your opponents. Unpredictability is an asset in poker.

Don't play like the program given by the robot, change the game style and change the style according to the opponent. Your task is to defeat confused opponents and still maintain a profitable game.

4. Long game

Since fishing is not complicated, it is best to do so. The first thing you need to do is to drive away your competitors in the early stages of the game and move on. To do this, when there is a passive player in front of you, raise a playable card.

Poker - This is a heavy mental burden, and it's no surprise that poker players become less attentive and tired during long matches. The more you play, the more you lose focus. Errors keep pouring in. Even if you are lucky enough to find a good table that can be your favorite, there is no need to continue playing until you lose your mind. The important thing is that you can leave the table when you feel tired and start to lose strength. The rules are the first sign of fatigue at the poker table.

5. Obsessed

Of course, your hands are very important and need to be taken care of. However, if you get stuck in your hand, you may not notice what is happening on the table. You play against your opponents and they also play cards. Stay vigilant, because after all you are not playing cards, but people.

Another problem is all kinds of complicated calculations. Remember a lot of information, and you risk missing obvious information. Don't always pursue accuracy when determining odds. Just count it and it's enough. Participate in the game and don't concentrate on his reasoning.

6. The gap is too wide

Most novice poker players know that the simplest game is pressing. They also realized that a wide range of games can only be profitable by experienced players. However, despite this, those naive novices rely on luck to continue the game every time. Therefore, the bargaining chip is lost. Don't repeat the mistakes of these players. Always keep in mind the range of games you cannot afford to play.

7. Passive games

They said they were not overly cautious. Maybe, but not in poker. Shy players will never succeed in this cruel game. Not betting on strong hands can give your opponent a chance to collect better combinations than you. Similarly, not making a big bet will not produce a good pot. Remember, the game should be aggressive, otherwise it will not bring revenue.

Failure to follow these simple guidelines will inevitably lead to loss and disappointment. Therefore, please study this course carefully and try to avoid the above errors when playing games.

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